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Indiana Map - 1843

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INDIANA - 1843





Reprinted 2001 by Michiana History Publications


This inexpensive reprint is  a best seller at our genealogy conferences.

Lithographed on 80 pound archival stock, and protected by a mylar sleeve,  this 11" x 14" reproduction makes  a great gift for friends and family or can be  an unusual door prize at family reunions or genealogy meetings.     


The back of each map provides information about the map and its publisher as well as historical information about the state at the time of the map's publication.



This hand colored map was engraved by Sidney B. Morse and published in 1843 by Harper and Brothers in New York. It was taken from Morse's North American Atlas by Sidney Morse and Samuel Breese. Railroad lines both existing and proposed are shown.

The original size of this map is 14 1/8" x 11" but this reprint was modified in order to accommodate our archival page protector.

Sidney Morse

Sidney Edwards Morse (1794 — 1871) was the son of the Reverend Jedidiah Morse and his wife, Elizabeth Ann Breese, and a younger brother of Samuel F. B. Morse (inventor of the telegraph). Jedidiah Morse had a strong interest in geography, and published several textbooks on geography which sold well and earned him the title of "Father of American Geography".

Sidney Morse, Henry A. Munson and Samuel Breese patented wax engraving in the United States and called the technique "cerography ", which they began using in 1839. This process allowed line and text to be combined in the same image and was one of the first attempts to find an alternative to expensive metal plate engraving for American maps.

Unlike engraving or lithography, which demanded the laborious drawing of a negative image, cerography allowed the image to be drawn directly. The positive image is drawn onto a wax-covered plate that is then used as a mold from which a master printing plate is cast by an electroplating process. Images could be easily cut into the soft wax layer using very little pressure.

In the early maps of Sidney Morse, lettering was hand engraved. Later, type was done by stamping into the wax with commercially produced tools. Type as small as three points could be used to hold a tremendous amount of information in a small amount of space.

With his brother, Samuel F. B. Morse, he constructed and patented a flexible piston pump, and later he invented the bathyometer, an instrument for exploring the depths of the sea.

He was also a prominent journalist in New York and with his brother, Richard, founded the New York Observer, the oldest religious newspaper in the state of New York.

Morse and Breese tried to keep the cerography process secret, but it became widely used in mapmaking, especially after Rand, McNally began using wax engraving in 1872.

Wax engraving remained an important map printing technique until the mid-twentieth century.

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